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Carolina® First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics Kit

Item # 753720 Exclusive This product is exclusive to Carolina Biological Supply. With Digital This kit includes 1-year access to digital resources including videos, digital teacher’s manuals, printable student guides, interactive lessons, editable assessment questions, and more.

Product Highlights

  • Investigate 3 different scenarios for obtaining thermal equilibrium and use the data as evidence to support a claim for the mechanism of heat transfer.
  • High school teacher-led, student-engaged demonstration with reusable materials.
  • Carolina Kits 3D®—Labs that use phenomena to support NGSS and 3-dimensional instruction.



This item will ship on or about 10/27/20

Place a hot beverage outside on a cold day. Soon, the beverage cools to the temperature of the surrounding air. The colder the air, the faster the cooling seems to occur. Likewise, a cold beverage taken outside on a hot day warms to the ambient temperature. What determines how heat is transferred between objects and how quickly the transfer happens? What can that simple phenomenon tell us about energy transfer in general and about more complex systems that use heat to perform work? In this investigation, students explore the driving question, “What factors affect the rate of transfer of thermal energy?”

Time Requirement
Total, 150 minutes. Teacher prep, 30 minutes. Pre-lab, 30 minutes. Each investigative period, about 90 minutes.

Digital Resources
Includes 1-year access to digital resources that support 3-dimensional instruction for NGSS. Digital resources may include a teacher manual and student guide, pre-lab activities and setup videos, phenomenon videos, simulations, and post-lab analysis and assessments.

Performance Expectations

Crosscutting Concepts
Energy and Matter

Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer

Science and Engineering Practices
Planning and Carrying Out Investigations

Learning Objectives

  • Monitor or analyze the change in temperature of 2 samples of matter under various conditions.
  • Perform graphical analysis of data related to the transfer of thermal energy.
  • Explain what the experimental results indicate about factors that affect heat transfer.

Prerequisite Knowledge and Skills
Students should have an understanding of the definition of energy and the relationship between thermal energy and temperature. They should also be familiar with the kinetic theory of matter, the first and second laws of thermodynamics, and with the 3 methods of heat transfer: conduction, convection, and radiation.

  • This item is only available from Carolina Biological Supply Company.

Product Families Featuring This Item:

Components Qty Included?
Heat Transfer Kit incl. Aluminum Bar 1 Included
Thermometers 2 Included
Cardboard, 4" x 4" 2 Included
Foam Cups 4 Included
Insulating Cup Holders 2 Included
Carolina Science Online® Resources (1-year subscription) 1 Included
Teacher's Manual with Reproducible Student Guide 1 Included
Stopwatch 1 Needed, Not Included
Heat Source (burner, hot plate, microwave oven, etc.) 1 Needed, Not Included
Graduated Cylinders 15 Needed, Not Included
Beaker Tongs and Heat-Resistant Gloves (or other materials for handling heated glassware) Needed, Not Included
Razor Knife or Scalpel 1 Needed, Not Included
Scissors 1 Needed, Not Included
Probeware Temperature Probes (optional) 2 Optional, Not Included
Computer or Digital Interface for Probeware (optional) 1 Optional, Not Included