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Carolina STEM Challenge®: Passive Solar Design

3 Items Exclusive This product is exclusive to Carolina Biological Supply. With Digital This kit includes 1-year access to digital resources including videos, digital teacher’s manuals, printable student guides, interactive lessons, editable assessment questions, and more.
$9.95 - $98.35 View Details

Product Highlights

  • Design and construct your own scale model vacation home to explore passive solar building and design techniques.
  • High school engineering design challenge with enough materials to support 12 groups of students.
  • Carolina Kits 3D®—Lab activity that designs a solution for an engineering problem to support NGSS and 3-dimensional instruction.

 
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In this series of activities, students apply their knowledge of electromagnetic radiation, energy, and energy transfer to solve this engineering problem, “What are some ways that buildings can be made more energy efficient using the sun’s energy directly?” Teams complete a prototype activity during which they build and test a model of a small vacation home. In the design challenge, students build and test exterior features on their model houses so that the interior will remain cool when the summer sun shines at an angle of 70°. Assessment questions and STEM-based extension activities are also included.

Time Requirement
Teacher prep, 60 minutes. Research and prototype activity, 90 minutes. Design challenge, 1 or 2 class periods. Presentations and assessment, 1 or 2 class periods.

Digital Resources
Includes 1-year access to digital resources that support 3-dimensional instruction for NGSS. Digital resources may include a teacher manual and student guide, pre-lab activities and setup videos, phenomenon videos, simulations, and post-lab analysis and assessments.

Performance Expectations
HS-PS4-4
HS-PS3-3

Crosscutting Concepts
Systems and System Models

Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation

Science and Engineering Practices
Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions

Learning Objectives

  • Build a scale model of a vacation home and take solar heating and cooling measurements for use as a control experiment.
  • Evaluate the performance of different materials as insulation and thermal mass in regulating interior heating.
  • Design and evaluate the effect of external structural modifications on keeping a home cool.

Prior Knowledge and Skills
Students should be familiar with heat transfer by conduction, convection, and radiation. Knowledge of solar radiation and electromagnetic waves and energy conservation using sustainable resources is useful. Students should also know the physical properties of materials such as density, specific heat, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity.